bruno munari

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Bruno Munari was born in Milan, Italy in 1907 and was died in 1998.

He began his career at an early age during the second wave of Italian Futurists, exhibiting his work for the first time in 1927 at Galleria Pesaro, Milan. Simultaneously he pursued activities as an art-director, curator, and illustrator. In the years following, he progressively moved away from the influence of Futurism, developing an extremely personal and singular project over the course of 60 years. In 1930, he produced the Aerial Machine, from which came his Macchine Inutili (Useless Machines), anticipating his interest in the deconstruction of the traditional work of art.


selected museum exhibitions

His work is included in Post Zang Tumb Tuuum. Art Life Politics: Italia 1918–1943, curated by Germano Celant at Fondazione Prada, Milan (2019); Other recent exhibitions include Museum of Modern Art, Hayama, Japan (2018); Museo Ettore Fico, Turin (2017); and the Estorick Collection of Italian Modern Art, London, (2012).

Munari exhibited extensively throughout his lifetime, participating in major international exhibitions that include Documenta 3, Kassel (1964) and Documenta 4, Kassel (1968), besides the participation in nine editions of the Venice Biennale.

In 1955, he had a two-person exhibition with Alvin Lustig at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and in 1966, he had a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and another solo exhibition at the Howard Wise Gallery, New York. His work has also been exhibited at institutions that include the Museum Fridericianum, Kassel; Hayward Art Gallery, London; the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; and Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven.


public collections

Munari’s works are held in the permanent collections of metropolitan museum of art, new york; moma – the museum of modern art, new york; the brooklyn museum, new york; the merill-berman collection, new york; the smithsonian cooper-hewitt national design museum, new york; the j. paul getty museum, los angeles; the toledo museum of art, Toledo; the museo del novecento, milan; gallerie d’italia, milan; triennale design museum, milan; fondazione vodoz-bruno danese, milan; the centre pompidou, Paris; the british museum, London; the moderna musset, stockholm; galleria nazionale d’arte moderna, rome; galleria civica, modena; mart – museo di arte moderna e contemporanea di trento e rovereto, rovereto; maga – museo d’arte di gallarate, gallarate; museion, bolzano; museo novecento, florence; macba – museo de arte contemporaneo, buenos aires; and the keio university art center, tokyo.


shows at kaufmann repetto

Ognuno vede ciò che sa (Everyone sees what they know), 2018-19, solo show at Kaufmann Repetto milan
Works: 1930 – 1996, 2018, solo show at Kaufmann Repetto New York in collaboration with Andrew kreps gallery

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Bruno murari (B.1907 Milan – 1998 milan).


Upcoming group exhibitions


Co/respondences, Brazil and Abroad II, Nara Roesler Gallery, New York

Sistemi Semplici, Lia Rumma, Milano


Selected solo exhibitions


Bruno Munari. Tutto Fondazione Magnani-Rocca, Parma

Bruno Munari. La leggerezza dell’arte, Acqui Terme

Bruno Munari “El Artista”, Museo de Art Contemporaneo Atchungarry, Uruguay
Fondazione Magnani Rocca, Parma


Bruno Munari. La leggerezza dell’arte, Art House, Eataly Verona

Bruno Munari: The Child Within, Center for Italian Modern Art, New York
Fundación Juan March, Madrid

Munari. In movimento, Centro Trevi, Munari

Bruno Munari: a mudança é a única constante no universo, Museu da Casa Brasilera, São Paulo

Ognuno vede ciò che sa (Everyone sees what they know), kaufmann repetto, Milan
Bruno Munari. I Colori della Luce, Fondazione PLART, Naples
Bruno Munari: conservare lo spirito dell’infanzia (Bruno Munari: Keeping the Childhood Spirit), travelling exhibition: Museum of Modern Art, Hayama; Kitakyushu Municipal Museum of Art; Iwate Museum of Art; Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Bruno Munari. Works: 1939 – 1996, Andrew Kreps Gallery and kaufmann repetto, New York

Munari Aria | Terra (Munari Air | Earth), Fondazione Palazzo Preto rio, Cittadella, Padua
Bruno Munari. Total Artist, Museo Ettore Fico, Turin

Munari politecnico (Polytechnic Munari), Museo del 900, Milan

Pensare confonde le idee (Thinking only confuses ideas), Galleria dell’Incisione, Brescia
Bruno Munari. My Futurist Past, Estorick Collection of Italian Modern Art, London

Les livres de Bruno Munari (The Books of Bruno Munari), Bibliothèque des Arts Décoratifs, Paris

Bruno Munari, Museo dell’Ara Pacis, Rome
Bruno Munari: il disegno, il design (Bruno Munari: drawings, design), Salone delle Scuderie in Pilotta, Parma

Bruno Munari. 70 anni di libri (Bruno Munari: 70 years of books), Centro Luigi Pecci, Prato
Bruno Munari: da cosa nasce cosa (Bruno Munari: one thing leads to another), travelling exhibition: Itabashi Art Museum, Tokyo; The Museum of Modern Art, Shiga, Japan; Kariya City, Japan
Bruno Munari, Rotonda della Besana, Milan
Munari Archeologico (Archeological Munari), Museo Archeologico, Bologna

Tinguely e Munari. Opere in azione (Tinguely and Munari. Works in movement), Centro Arte Moderna e Contemporanea CAMeC, La Spezia
Bruno Munari, Italian Institue of Culture, San Francisco

Bruno Munari, Italian Institue of Culture, Los Angeles

Bruno Munari. Playful Master of Nonsense. Design From Italy, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul

Bruno Munari, Valente Arte Contemporanea, Finale Ligure

Bruno Munari, Museum fur Gestaltung, Zurich

Xerografie originali, Albisola Marina, Savona

Bruno Munari. Works 1933 – 1988, Jerusalem Museum, Jerusalem

Xerografie originali, Galleria Sincron, Brescia

Bruno Munari, Palazzo Reale, Milano

Museo de Arte Moderno Fundaciòn Soto, Bolivia

Design and visual research, Italian Cultural Institute, Copenhagen

Ideas of new functions, Kunstgewerbeschule, Basel

Bruno Munari, Howard Wise Gallery, New York

Polarized Light Projections, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo

Two graphic designers: Bruno Munari and Alvin Lustig, Museum Of Modern Art, New York

Proiezioni dirette (Direct Projections), The Museum of Modern Art, New York


Selected group exhibitions

Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis, Missouri
Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, North Carolina
Centre d’Art Contemporain Genève, curated by Andrea Bellini and Sarah Lombardi, Geneva, Switzerland

Playing Art. Education, Art, and Design, Fundación Juan March, Madrid

Post Zang Tumb Tuuum. Art Life Politics: Italia 1918-1943, Fondazione Prada, Milan

Painting in Italy 1910s-1950s: Futurism, Abstraction, Concrete Art, Sperone Westwater, New York
Fotografia Futurista (Futurist Photography), Galleria Sozzani, Milano

Italian Futurism 1909-1944. Reconstructing Universe, Guggenheim Museum, New York
La Tyrannie des objects (The Tyranny of Objects), Galerie des Galerie, Lafayette Haussmann, Paris
Il design italiano tra autarchia, austerità e autoproduzione (Italian design: autarky, austerity, and self-production), La Triennale di Milano, Milan
Slide Slide Slide, Microscope Gallery, New York

Inside/Outside, Brasilian Pavilion, The Venice Biennale, Venice
TDMS: Grafica Italiana (TDMS: Italian Graphic), La Triennale di Milano, Milan
Dynamo. Un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l’art 1013-2013, Grand Palais, Paris

The Small Utopia: Ars Multiplicata, Fondazione Prada, Venice
Programmare l’arte. Olivetti e le avanguardie cinetiche (To Program Art: Olivetti and Kinetic Avant-gardes), Museo del 900, Milan

La parola nell’arte (Words in Art), Mart – Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Rovereto

Il Mondo Italian (Italian World), Mart – Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Rovereto, Trento

Minimalia, MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art PS1, New York

A Century of Artists Books, MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art, New York

The Italian Metamorphosis 1943-1968, Guggenheim Museum, New York

The Artist and the Book in Twentieth Century Italy, MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Avanguardia Italianad e entreguerras. Futurismo y Racionalismo, IVAM-Centre Julio Gonzales, Valencia Italiens Moderne. Futurismus und Rationalismus, Museum Fridericianum, Kassel

Arte Italiana: 1900-1945 (Italian Art: 1900-1945), Palazzo Grassi, Venice

Futurismo e futuristi (Futurism and Futurists), Palazzo Grassi, Venice

Programmed and kinetic art 1953 – 1963. The last avant-garde, Palazzo Reale, Milan

Electroworks, International Museum of Photography, George Eastman House, Rochester

The New Domestic Landscape, MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Multiples The first decade, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia

5 Italians: Bonalumi, Ceroli, Manzoni, Munari, Pistoletto, Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe

The Machine As Seen At The End Of The Mechanical Age, MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Light and Motion Space, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, traveled to Worcester Art Museum, Worcester

Greetings!, MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art, New York Polarized Light, XXXIII Venice Biennale
Munari.Produktie B. Danese, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam

Lumiere, mouvement et optique, Palais des Beaux-Arts de Bruxelles, Bruxelles

Art In Motion, Royal College of Arts, London

Arte Programmata (Programmed Art), Olivetti, Milan

Bevaegelse i Kunsten, Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek

Kinetische Kunst, Kunstgewerbemuseum, Zurich

Motion in Vision, Vision in Motion, Hessenhuis, Anversa

Recent Acquisitions 1946 – 1953, Department of Architecture and Design, MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art, New York

XXVI Venice Biennale, Venice

New Painting, XX Venice Biennale, Venice

XIX Venice Biennale, Venice

Italian Futurists, XVII Venice Biennale

Exhibition of 34 futurists, Galleria Pesaro, Milan


Selected public collections

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art, New York; Brooklyn Museum, New York; Merill-Berman Collection, New York; Smithsonian CooperHewitt National Design Museum, New York; The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles; Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo; Museo del Novecento, Milan; Gallerie d’Italia, Milan; Triennale Design Museum, Milan; Fondazione Vodoz-Bruno Danese, Milan; Centre Pompidou, Paris; The British Museum, London; Moderna Musset, Stockholm; Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Rome; Galleria Civica, Modena; MART – Museo di arte moderna e contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Rovereto; MAGA – Museo d’Arte di Gallarate, Gallarate; Museion, Bolzano; Museo Novecento, Florence; Centro per l’Arte Contemporanea Luigi Pecci, Prato; MACBA – Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Buenos Aires; Keio University Art Center, Tokyo.



In 1954 he won the Compasso d’oro prize (Golden Compass Award) for the Scimmietta Zizì.
In 1964 he was included in the XV Premio Avezzano Strutture di Visione, Palazzo Torlonia, Avezzano.

La Repubblica, 2019

ArtForum International, 2019

The New York Times, 2018

Frieze, 2018

corriere della sera, 2014

frieze, 2013

the new york times, 2012

indipendent, 2012

il sole 24 ore, 2008

repubblica, 2008

il mare nostro, 1993